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Recently concluded excavations of the Rochus Market offer fresh insights into the history of #vienna. With the uncovering of an early Neolithic long house, researchers established that the oldest currently-known settlement in #vienna dates to the “Linear Pottery Culture” period (5500-5000 BCE). In the first century BCE, a cluster of Celtic workshops arose on the same site. Bronze casting took place alongside the manufacture of coin blanks, the production of ceramics, and the crafting of decorative beads made from amber.
Archeologists came across Roman artifacts at the site as well. The discovery created a sensation, offering the first tangible evidence of a direct encounter between the Romans and the Celts in these latitudes. What is more, several writing implements and seal boxes bear witness to the first written correspondence in #vienna. Other objects from diverse European regions leave additional room for interpretation: Did such “exotic” wares flow into #vienna by way of trade? Or were battles, enslavements, or diplomatic relations responsible for this influx of goods?
The archeological investigations at the Rochus Market have also opened a window onto the late Middle Ages. For the first time, researchers have been able to document the impressive moat (Graben) which traversed the Rochus Market as part of Vienna’s outer fortifications.
WHEN ROMANS ENCOUNTERED CELTS
The Rochus Market excavations
Römermuseum, Hoher Markt 3, 1010 Vienna
12 May 2016 through 17 April 2017
Tuesday to Sunday and holidays, 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. www.wienmuseum.at
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